Technological advances in dentistry offers multitude possibilities to repair damages to our teeth that are permanent. Dental or oral surgery is an effective means of restoring the irreversible damages to mouth, teeth and jaws. These are performed by dentists with specialised knowledge and experience who are also known as dental surgeon or an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Oral surgery performs a variety of conditions inside the mouth and on the teeth starting from simple tooth extractions to solving problems with the frenula. Additionally, surgery involves advanced procedures including traumas due to accidents or severe disease damage to the structure of the mouth.
Following offers briefs of various and common surgical procedures from the simple to the most complex of issue:
- One of the most commonly performed surgical procedures is the removal of wisdom teeth also known as the third molar. Emergence through gum tissues, wisdom teeth impacts other teeth and the structure.
- Bone grafting is the re-establishment of jawbone that has been lost due to traumatic injuries. Thereby, surgery involves reconstructing the inadequate bone structures.
- Frenectomy is one of the common surgeries performed among children. It is a procedure, which occurs due to the frenula obstructing the normal functionalities of the mouth including speech.
People lose teeth for variety of reasons such as age, periodontal diseases and traumatic accidents serves large roles. However, when a tooth is lost, the surrounding bone collapses. To avoid the collapse as well as to preserve for future dental implants or aesthetic purposes, bone grafting has paving its way into popularity.
Bone graft is a procedure that rebuilds the bone structure. It performs to reverse the bone loss or destruction thus necessary to supplement the bone mass of a patient’s jaw.
Purpose Of Bone Graft
Bone grafting procedure is necessary to reverse the damages caused by periodontal diseases, trauma, and ill-fitting dentures or enhance one’s aesthetic features of missing teeth. Dental implants require bone graft procedures prior to the implantation. Usually the bone graft process takes up to 6-12 months of healing before the dental implants can be placed.
This is a procedure which is undertaken as part of the dental implant process and involves the harvesting of bone from one area of the body which is then grafted onto the jawbone.
Bone grafts are performed where someone has insufficient bone density in their jaw to support a dental implant. It is important that there is enough bone volume to enable the implant to secure itself to the jaw and support a false tooth.
A bone graft is undertaken to bulk out a shrunken jawbone or one that has become too thin due to bone loss.
Types Of Bone Graft
There are three types of bone grafts available to patients to source the bone for the procedure
- Autogenous graft – Bone taken from one area of the body and transferred to the area of grafting
- Allograft – Synthetic bone or bone from human donors (will be placed through series of sterilization techniques for safety and hygiene)
- Xenograft- Bone that is harvested from animals such as the cow
This type of bone graft is performed to increase bone density in the upper jaw. It is often performed to enable the placement of dental implants and involves the lifting of the sinus membrane to allow enough room for the new bone.
Surgical Extraction Of Wisdom Tooth
If the wisdom teeth are impacted and embedded in the bone, the oral surgeon will put an incision into the gums and remove the tooth or teeth in sections in order to minimize the amount of bone being removed.
After surgery, swelling and tenderness in the face and neck are common, as is bruising.
Dental or oral cysts are a fairly common occurrence in the mouth. In addition to cysts that grow along the gum line, this may also grow on the inside of the cheek, the tongue, as well as the floor of the mouth. A cyst is medically defined as a fluid filled sac or pouch, but can also appear as a growth of any kind, including an irregularly shaped patch of skin. Regardless, this should be removed and tested by your dentist or oral surgeon to ensure that growth is benign (harmless) as opposed to malignant (cancerous).
Common Treatment for Cyst Removal (Cyst Operations)
The most common and beneficial treatment for cysts is excision or removal of the cyst. Before removing the cyst, the dentist or oral surgeon generally performs a biopsy, which involves the removal of a small portion or piece of tissue from the questionable cyst. The tissue sample is then sent to a laboratory where examination and analysis will be performed.